The following are the educational objectives of the Hematology Sequence.
I. Management of a Presenting Problem
Given a real or simulated patient with one of the following presenting problems, the student will be able to list the steps to be taken in appropriate sequence to determine the diagnosis:
|Anemia—macrocytic, normocytic, or microcytic||Leukocytosis|
|Bleeding (including petechiae and purpura)||Leukopenia|
II. Diagnosis of a Specific Disease
Given a real or simulated patient with one of the following diagnoses, the student will be able to gather the appropriate data, arrive at a diagnosis, and give the evidence (historical, physical, laboratory, radiologic, and special procedural data) to support the diagnosis:
|Iron deficiency anemia||Hemolytic disease of the newborn|
|Anemia due to Vit B12 deficiency||Lymphoma (any type)|
|Anemia due to folic acid deficiency||Chronic lymphocytic leukemia|
|Thalassemia, Sickle cell Disease||Chronic myelocytic leukemia|
|Hereditary spherocytosis||Acute leukemia|
|Hemolytic Anemias||Multiple Myeloma|
|Thrombosis||Hemophilia A and B and von Willebrands disease|
|Platelet Receptors||Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation|
III. Therapy of Patients
Given a real or simulated patient with one of the following diagnoses, the student will be able to describe the etiologic and/or pathophysiologic process present in the patient, how these relate to abnormal findings, and outline the principles of the therapeutic program:
|Iron deficiency anemia||G-6-PD deficiency|
|Anemia due to Vit B12 deficiency||Hereditary spherocytosis|
|Anemia due to folic acid deficiency||Lymphoma/Hodgkin’s Disease|
|Venous Thrombosis||Immune thrombocytopenia|
|Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation|
IV. Procedural/Interpretive Skills
A. The student will be able to list the indications for:
Bone marrow aspiration and/or biopsy. Lymph node biopsy.
B. The student will be able to examine a peripheral blood smear to:
- Identify polymorphonuclear neutrophils, mature mononuclear cells (lymphocytes and monocytes), and granulocyte precursors as a group (not individual stages).
- Perform a WBC differential composed of cells in the line above sufficiently accurately to extract the clinical information relevant to the patient being examined.
- Estimate platelets being able to recognize moderate to extreme thrombocytopenia, normal platelet status, and moderate to extreme thrombocytosis.
- Accurately describe the RBC morphology of any condition using standard nomenclature.
V. Enabling Objectives
The student shall be able to:
- Describe the general origin, function, and component parts of the hematopoietic system.
- Describe the basic kinetics of red cell, white cell, and platelet formation and life span.
- Be able to classify red blood cell disorders based upon the size of the red blood cells.
- List the indications for, hazards of, and methods of whole blood, packed red cell, platelet, and plasma component transfusions.
- Provide a diagnostic approach to the bleeding patient by completely knowing the differential diagnosis of a long APTT, PT, both APTT and PT, and bleeding time.
- List the indications for and be able to interpret the following tests: serum iron and iron binding capacity, ferritin level, reticulocyte count, Schilling test, Coombs' test, stool guaiac, platelet count, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin clotting time, and bleeding time.
- Describe the mode of action of standard heparin, low molecular weight heparin, warfarin (Coumadin™), platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antongists, and clopidogrel (PlavixTM).
- Be able to provide a differential diagnosis of clinical, protein, and molecular defects associated with thrombosis.
- All students must review the Powerpoint Presentation “Laboratory Evaluation of the Peripheral Blood Smear”.
- All students must attend their assigned Small Group Sessions.
- All students must attend the final two lectures of the Heme Sequence called MDC I and II on Autologous Bone Marrow Trasnplantation and Allo Bone Marrow Transplantation.
- All students must attend the Hematopathology Labs I and II the second week of the course (see Dr. Stoolman for details).
Dr. Bockenstedt will discuss remediation for required events at the start of the course.
The Hematology sequence grade will be based on the final examination that will include a laboratory component. The final examination of about 100 questions will be open at 5 PM on Friday January 16, 2009. Each question on the final exam (80-90) will be worth one to five points. The remaining 10 points will come from the laboratory practical exam, which will also be administered beginning 5 PM on Friday, January 16, 2009 through 11:59 PM Monday, January 19, 2009.
Medical School criteria will be used to assign grades. Grading will comply with M2 grading policies. A pass/fail system will be used, and a cumulative grade of 75% or higher will be required for a passing score. Cumulative grades of 74.99% or lower will be assigned a failing grade. Make-up examinations for failures is a combination multiple choice and essay examination.