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SI 640 / SI 740 - Digital Libraries and Archives

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Open.Michigan

Image adapted from Open Library.

Term: Winter 2009
Published: May 22, 2009
Revised: September 15, 2010

This course focuses on the current state of "digital libraries" from a multidisciplinary perspective. Its point of departure is the possibilities and prospects for convergence of professions and cultures around the notion of digital media and content. The course covers the history of the idea of the digital library and the digital archive, especially its manifestation as projects and programs in academic, nonprofit, and research settings, and the suite of policy issues that influence the development and growth of digital libraries and archives. A foundation of core archival principles as applied in digital library and archives settings serves as an intellectual construct supporting the exploration of the related concepts of scholarly communication, digital preservation, cyberinfrastructure, representation, and standards/best practices. Students are expected to master a diverse literature, to participate actively in the discussion of issues, and to take steps, collectively and individually, to advance our understanding of future directions of digital libraries and archives.

Instructor: Paul Conway

dScribe: Megan McGlynn

Course Level: Graduate

Course Structure: 3-hour lecture, once a week

Syllabus
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Syllabus Paul Conway AttributionNoncommercialShare Alike

Description

This course focuses on the current state of “digital libraries” from a multidisciplinary perspective. Its point of departure is the possibilities and prospects for convergence of professions and cultures around the notion of digital media and content. The course covers the history of the idea of digital library and digital archive, especially its manifestation as projects and programs in academic, non-profit, and research settings, and the suite of policy issues that influence the development and growth of digital libraries and archives. A foundation of core archival principles as applied in digital library and archives settings will serve as an intellectual construct supporting the exploration of the related concepts of scholarly communication, digital preservation, cyberinfrastructure, representation, and standards/best practices. Students will be expected to master a diverse literature, to participate actively in the discussion of issues, and to take steps, collectively and individually, to advance our understanding of future directions of digital libraries and archives.

Objectives

  • Apply key archival principals to a digital library program
  • Understand the development of digital libraries and archives as an international phenomenon
  • Explore the literature, key leaders, and significant digital library/archive programs
  • Specify the critical skills required to build and maintain digital collections
  • Refine a set of research questions associated with knowledge representation in digital libraries
  • Establish a broad context for the issues and challenges facing digital libraries and archives

Readings

Required readings average 150 to 250 pages per week, with optional reading determined by each student’s interests and knowledge, as well as the relevance of a given topic to course projects and final reports. All required readings are either on the World Wide Web (WWW), accessible through the CTools site for the course, or available through University Reserves’ Electronic Reserve Service. http://www.lib.umich.edu/reserves

Resources

Weekly lecture slides, additional resources for class assignments and weekly discussion topics will be posted on CTools by start of class. Students wishing to follow the lecture with the slides can download them from CTools. The CTools Portal URL is: http://ctools.umich.edu

Assignments and Deadlines

Class Participation (25%)

The overall success of the seminar depends on the active participation of all members of the class. Class participation is a sizable portion of the grade. Students should attend all classes and be prepared to enter into class discussions and to raise questions reflecting their reading and interests. Students are also expected to complete all required readings in advance of class. This is especially important since a portion of the class sessions will be discussions about the readings.

On the first class, each student will sign up with two other students to lead the discussion on the required readings for a given week. This is an opportunity to read one set of assigned readings more deeply than average, to work collaboratively on identifying themes or critical ideas, and to demonstrate understanding of one component of the course.

Literature Scan (15%)

The purpose of the individual project is to explore and find some interesting published literature on digital libraries and report on experiencing three important research resources.

Use the search and browse tools of three resource collections on a particular topic of your choosing.

Identify ten items of relevance to the topic (at least two from each source) from ACM Digital library. ACM Digital Library http://portal.acm.org/ [access via UM Library Search Tools]; D-Lib Magazine http://www.dlib.org/; and PADI--Preserving Access to Digital Information http://www.nla.gov.au/padi/.

Prepare full and consistent bibliographic citations for all ten items (using MLA, Chicago, or other appropriate format).

Write between one- (1) and five- (5) sentence description/summary of each source.
Write up to 1,000 words that states the topic of your search, describes the scope of the resources available on digital libraries, assesses their strength and weaknesses for digital library research, and reports on your experience using the resources.

Image Representation Database (25%)

The purpose of this project is to explore the various ways that photographic images are represented through digital library interfaces and to become adept at recognizing such variation. A secondary purpose of the project is to begin compiling a reference and research collection of digitized images that illustrates representation variation systematically. The mechanism we will use to complete the project is the collaborative construction of a database of image elements following a fairly complex scheme. The scheme captures descriptive information about each image, codes each image for its representation style, annotates the image in ways that connect the visual product with its associated metadata, and codes the image for the “significant properties” that it displays (or contains).

Each student will be responsible for identifying and coding data in the database for a minimum of 100 images. Half of the images will be chosen from collections in one of ten possible large scale digital libraries [a list will be distributed in class]. Half of the images may be chosen from any online collection of digitized photographs anywhere in the world, as long as certain criteria are met relating to the scale of the undertaking and the organizational source of the images. Prior to the start of the project, the instructor will provide definitions of key terms, illustrative examples of various representation styles, and detailed coding instructions for building the database. The deliverables for this assignment are coded data on an Excel template and a brief report describing the search strategy used to identify the 100 images, including a list of the digital library collections consulted. The results of the exercise will be presented in class.

Grading will be based on quantitative and qualitative assessments. Quantitative scores will be assigned based on the number of images completed and the completeness of the data compiled. A qualitative score will be assigned based on the level of judgment exercised in coding representation style and other subjective elements of the combined database.

Research Report (35%)

The research report for the course is an opportunity to break new conceptual ground on the nature and development of digital libraries. The basic research question is “Are Digital Libraries and Digital Archives the same thing?” The report will examine a particular facet of a digital library program or service and then describe that aspect in the larger context of the archival principles explored in the course, grounding the work on relevant published and informally posted information on the digital library. The paper will be between 5,000 and 8,000 words in length, will be properly documented with references and a bibliography, and will conform to a common structure. During the second week of the course, a list of digital library and archive programs will be distributed and discussed. Each student will choose one digital library/archive program to examine. All of the students who choose a particular digital program will constitute one or more teams varying in size from 3 to 6 individuals. You will do a much better job with your report if you work together as a team on your overall analysis. To encourage this collaboration, each analysis team is required to prepare and submit a single document listing published and unpublished documentation on the digital library/archive.

Students will negotiate within their respective teams over the choice of particular topic to investigate in greater detail. Copyright and intellectual property issues are out of scope for this research paper.

Topics relevant to this investigation include the following areas:

  • Content development, including, accession and selection criteria, digitization guidelines or collection development focus
  • Access systems, including metadata standards, processes, and products, end user interface design, productivity tools, usability assessment, revision history
  • Infrastructure, including underlying repository system design, including software architecture, database design, etc.
  • Preservation and collaboration, including repository/archive development, data sharing, perspectives on digital preservation versus digital access, staffing, cost analysis, benefit analysis, and other economic/budgetary issues.

Depending upon the size and individual interests of the group, the final report may parse the project in any number of ways. The final report must include at least the following five components:

  • Executive summary with critical findings (1 to 2 paragraphs)
  • Description of the origins, history, and purposes of the digital library (may be done collaboratively by the team for all reports from that team)
  • Report on the issue investigation, with the following components
    • Definition of the issue
    • Assessment of state of the art for the issue
    • How the issue is represented in the digital library
    • Reconciling state of the art with reality
    • Trends and directions for the issue either in the digital library or more broadly
    • Challenges you faced in your investigation (e.g., lack of documentation, outdated interface, etc.)

In pursuing your research, you may use any published or posted information available on the digital library and you may interview or correspond with appropriate staff who may have information to share. I encourage a strategy of broad "detective work" to investigate a given digital library program.

Deadlines and Due Dates

January 12 — First Class - Read required readings in advance

January 19 — No Class Today

January 26, 5:00 pm — Literature Scan Due

February 2, 5:00 pm — Individual DL Review Topics Due

February 19 — Form Digital Library Review Teams

February 20, 5:00 pm — Digital Library Review Bibliography Due

February 23 — Spring Break

March 13, 5:00 pm — Working outline of final report Due, if advice desired from instructor

March 22, 5:00 pm — Image Representation Database Entries Complete

April 13 — Final Report Presentations (clustered by investigation topic)

April 20 — Final Report Presentations (clustered by investigation topic)

April 22, 11:45 pm — Final Reports Due

Grading

  • Class participation: 25%
  • Literature scan: 15%
  • Image representation project: 25%
  • Research report: 35%
Learning Objectives

Objectives

  • Apply key archival principals to a digital library program
  • Understand the development of digital libraries and archives as an international phenomenon
  • Explore the literature, key leaders, and significant digital library/archive programs
  • Specify the critical skills required to build and maintain digital collections
  • Refine a set of research questions associated with knowledge representation in digital libraries
  • Establish a broad context for the issues and challenges facing digital libraries and archives
Schedule

SI 640 - DIGITAL LIBRARIES AND ARCHIVES, WINTER 2009

Week 1 (January 12): Definitions and Key Constructs

The first course session will review the structure of the courses and outline its principal underlying themes. We will explore perspectives on the idea of libraries and archives, digital or otherwise, collaborate to establish a shared definition of a digital library, and frame this definition within the broader notion of “convergence culture” and the functional convergence of libraries, archives, and museums

Week 2 (January 19): Origins and International Perspectives

Digital libraries have a distinctive history, a consideration of which sheds light on the predispositions of those who design and build them. This session will contrast design/build perspectives on an international basis with what we do and do not know about the people who use them. This session will cover the major sources of information on digital libraries and archives.

Week 3 (January 26): Content Landscapes: How Much Information

In spite of the fact that the manufacture of paper continues unabated, we are living in a digital world. This session will explore alternative scenarios for describing the landscape of digital content, using as a point of departure a seminal study that attempts to measure the volume of information created annually.

Week 4 (February 2): Research Agendas

Sometimes it’s useful to make lists. Research agendas for digital libraries, digital preservation capabilities, and the management of electronic records provide insight into the shifting perspectives on needs and requirements. This session will explore at least a decade’s worth of research agendas against our emerging understanding of what digital libraries are.

Week 5 (February 9): Interface and Metadata Infrastructure

What you see isn’t necessarily what you get. This session will explore the distinction between the user interface and the underlying structure of information used to describe, structure, and administer a digital archive or repository. We will work with several XML models of digital library metadata infrastructure and explore the elements of interface design that enable or constrain use.

Week 6 (February 16): Representation of Image/Text and Visual Digital Libraries

This session will look closely at theories of representation – particularly through the transformation of visual and textual resources into digital formats. The rapidly emerging interdiscipline of “Digital Humanities” will serve as a framework for testing notions of who digitization influences how users interpret meaning in a digital library/archive context. A project on diagnosing and detecting image representation will be introduced.

Week 7 (March 2): Case Studies on Building Collections

This week builds on the theories of representation explored in Week 6 by examining closely three very significant digital library projects. American Memory of the Library of Congress and the Online Archive of California represent large general purpose collections; the Walt Whitman Archive, built under the auspices of the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, is a great example of purpose-built collections oriented toward specific digital humanities scholarship.

Week 8 (March 9): Cyberinfrastructure

This session will introduce the concept of “cyberinfrastructure” and explore the concept’s relevance to the technical and policy issues associated with science, social science, and humanities data and users.

Week 9 (March 16): Scholarly Communication and Digital Library Use

Models of scholarly communication (which vary somewhat by discipline) provide a framework for exploring access and use issues in digital libraries. This and next week’s sessions together will force us to confront the ongoing tensions between the idealization of digital libraries and the barriers presented by the technical, organizational, and policy constraints.

Week 10 (March 23): Institutional Repositories and Trust

This session will look closely at emerging models of institutional repositories, their relationship to emerging preservation requirements, including data modeling and trust systems.

Week 11 (March 30): Case Study of UM Deep Blue and Blue Stream

This session takes a close look at two technologies at the University of Michigan that support the university’s digital repository efforts, including the ingest and processing of digital multi-media resources. The case study explores the extent to which multiple technologies are and are not yet integrated from the perspective of infrastructure and interface.

Week 12 (April 6): Sustaining Digital Libraries

Sustainability could turn out to be one of the principal challenges of digital libraries (an open question). This final session will explore a variety of incentive mechanisms associated with the design of digital libraries and their use.

Week 13 (April 13): Wrap-up and Research Paper Reports

This and the final session will provide opportunities for synthesis across seminar topics, taking as a point of departure the issues explored in student research papers. Project reports will be grouped conceptually into panels; each project will be allotted roughly five minutes for a succinct presentation on the core concept and key findings of the project.

Week 14 (April 20): Research Paper Reports

Completion of project reports.

Reading List
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Reading List Paul Conway AttributionNoncommercialShare Alike

Week 1 (January 12): Definitions and Key Constructs

The first course session will review the structure of the courses and outline its principal underlying themes. We will explore perspectives on the idea of libraries and archives, digital or otherwise, collaborate to establish a shared definition of a digital library, and frame this definition within the broader notion of “convergence culture” and the functional convergence of libraries, archives, and museums.

Required Readings:

Borgman. [2000] Gutenberg to Global Information Infrastructure, Chapter 2, pp. 33-52.

Gilliland-Swetland. [2000] Enduring Paradigm, New Opportunities: The Value of the Archival Perspective in the Digital Environment. http://www.clir.org/pubs/abstract/pub89abst.html

Jenkins. [2006] Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. Introduction, pp. 1-24.

Levy. [2003] “Documents and Libraries,” in Bishop, et al. Digital Library Use, Chapter 2, pp. 25-42.

Resources:

Bearman. [2007] “Digital Libraries.” Annual Review of Information Science and Technology 41. Information Today, Inc.

Fox, & Urs. [2002] “Digital Libraries.” Annual Review of Information Science and Technology 36. Information Today, Inc.

Pomerantz, et al. [2006] “The Core Digital Library Education in Library and Information Science Programs.” D-Lib Magazine 12 (11). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november06/pomerantz/11pomerantz.html

 

Week 2 (January 19): Origins and International Perspectives

Digital libraries have a distinctive history, a consideration of which sheds light on the predispositions of those who design and build them. This session will contrast design/build perspectives on an international basis with what we do and do not know about the people who use them. This session will cover the major sources of information on digital libraries and archives.

Required Readings:

Dempsey. [2006] “The (Digital) Library Environment: Ten Years After.” http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/dempsey/

Ross. [2007] “Digital Preservation, Archival Science and Methodological Foundations for Digital Libraries” http://www.ecdl2007.org/Keynote_ECDL_SROSS.pdf

Saracevic. [2005] “How Were Digital Libraries Evaluated?” http://www.scils.rutgers.edu/~tefko

Schnapp. [2008] “Animating the Archive.” First Monday, Volume 13 Number 8 - 4
http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticl...

Woldering. [2004] “The European Library: Integrated Access to the National Libraries of Europe.” http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue38/woldering/

Resources:

Fox. [1993] Digital Library Sourcebook. http://fox.cs.vt.edu/DLSB.html

Digital Library Federation. http://www.diglib.org/

ERPANET: European Resource Preservation and Access Network. http://www.erpanet.org/index.php

JISC: Joint Information Systems Committee. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/

PADI: Preserving Access to Digital Information. http://www.nla.gov.au/padi/

 

Week 3 (January 26): Content Landscapes: How Much Information

In spite of the fact that the manufacture of paper continues unabated, we are living in a digital world. This session will explore alternative scenarios for describing the landscape of digital content, using as a point of departure a seminal study that attempts to measure the volume of information created annually.

Required Readings:

Lyman and Varian. [2003] How much information? 2003. http://www2.sims.berkeley.edu/research/projects/how-much-info-2003/

OCLC. [2004] “2004 Information Format Trends: Content, Not Containers,” http://www.oclc.org/reports/2004format.htm

O’Toole. [1994] “On the Idea of Uniqueness.” American Archivist

Powell. [2003] “Mapping the JISC IE [Information Environment] Service Landscape.” http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/powell/intro-alternative.html

Resources:

Digital Library Federation. Registry of Digital Masters. http://www.diglib.org/collections/reg/reg.htm

Digital Library Federation. DLF Aquifer. http://www.diglib.org/aquifer/

HangingTogether [blog] http://hangingtogether.org/

JISC Collections: delivering resources online. http://www.jisc-collections.ac.uk/

 

Week 4 (February 2): Research Agendas

Sometimes it’s useful to make lists. Research agendas for digital libraries, digital preservation capabilities, and the management of electronic records provide insight into the shifting perspectives on needs and requirements. This session will explore at least a decade’s worth of research agendas against our emerging understanding of what digital libraries are.

Required Readings:

EU-NSF Working Group on Metadata. Metadata for Digital Libraries: a Research Agenda. [1999] http://www.ercim.org/publication/ws-proceedings/EU-NSF/metadata.html

Hedstrom. [2003] It’s About Time: Research Challenges in Digital Archiving and Long-Term Preservation.

Hedstrom. [2002] “The Digital Preservation Research Agenda.” http://www.clir.org/pubs/abstract/pub107abst.html

Snow, et al. [2008] “Considering the User Perspective: Research into Usage and Communication of Digital Information. D-Lib Magazine. http://www.dlib.org/dlib/may08/ross/05ross.html

Waters and Garrett. [1996] Preserving Digital Information. http://www.clir.org/pubs/abstract/pub63.html

Resources:

Anderson and Choudhury. [2003] “A Usability Research Agenda for Digital Libraries.”
http://dkc.jhu.edu/usability_1.html

National Science Foundation. Digital Libraries Initiative, Phases One and II. http://www.dli2.nsf.gov/ http://www.dli2.nsf.gov/dlione/

UM Collaboratory Working Groups. http://www.si.umich.edu/UMDL/EU_Grant/home.htm

 

Week 5 (February 9): Interface and Metadata Infrastructure

What you see isn’t necessarily what you get. This session will explore the distinction between the user interface and the underlying structure of information used to describe, structure, and administer a digital archive or repository. We will work with several XML models of digital library metadata infrastructure and explore the elements of interface design that enable or constrain use.

Required Readings:

Borgman. [2000] “Making Digital Libraries Easier to Use,” Gutenberg to Global Information Infrastructure, pp. 143-163.

Caplan and Guenther. [2005] “Practical Preservation: the PREMIS Experience.” Library Trends http://www.loc.gov/standards/premis/caplan_guenther-librarytrends.pdf

Dahlquist, et al. [2005] “Integrating Digital Libraries and Electronic Publishing in the DART Project.” http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1065385.1065411

Gartner. [2008]. "Metadata for Digital Libraries: State of the Art and Future Directions.” JISC TechWatch Report, TSW0801. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/services/techwatch/reports/horizonscannin...

Lavoie. [2004] Open Archival Information System: Introductory Guide. http://www.dpconline.org/graphics/reports/index.html

Lynch. [2000] "Authenticity and Integrity in the Digital Environment." http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub92/lynch.html

McDonough [2006] “METS: standardized encoding for digital library objects,” International Journal on Digital Libraries 6(2):148-158.

Resources:

National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program. http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/index.html

Flecker. [2000] “Harvard’s Library Digital Initiative: Building a First Generation Digital Library Infrastructure.” D-Lib Magazine 6 (November 2000). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november00/flecker/11flecker.html

Higgins and Semple. [2006] OAIS Five-year Review. http://www.dcc.ac.uk/events/oais-fyr-2006/.

PREMIS: Preservation Metadata Maintenance Activity. http://www.loc.gov/standards/premis/

METS: Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard. http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/

 

Week 6 (February 16): Representation of Image/Text and Visual Digital Libraries

This session will look closely at theories of representation – particularly through the transformation of visual and textual resources into digital formats. The rapidly emerging interdiscipline of “Digital Humanities” will serve as a framework for testing notions of who digitization influences how users interpret meaning in a digital library/archive context. A project on diagnosing and detecting image representation will be introduced.

Required Readings:

Bolter & Grusin. [1996] “Remediation.” Configurations 4. http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/configurations/v004/4.3bolter.html

Folsom. [2007] “Database as Genre: The Epic Transformation of Archives.” PMLA 122.5

Frey and Reilly. [1999] Digital Imaging for Photographic Collections: Foundations for Technical Standards.

Sassoon. [1998] “Photographic Meaning in the Age of Digital Reproduction.” LASIE http://www.sl.nsw.gov.au/lasie/prepdf.htm

Smith. [2001] Strategies for Building Digitized Collections. http://www.clir.org/pubs/abstract/pub101abst.html

Schwartz. [2000] “’Records of Simple Truth and Precision:’ Photography, Archives, and the Illusion of Control,” Archivaria

Resources:

National Archives and Records Administration. [2004] NARA Guidelines for Digitizing Archival Materials for Electronic Access. http://www.archives.gov/research/arc/digitizing-archival-materials.html

Handout on digital imaging guidelines [on CTools]

Summit on Digital Tools for the Humanities. [2003] http://www.iath.virginia.edu/dtsummit/

Text Encoding Initiative http://www.tei-c.org/index.xml

 

Week 7 (March 2): Case Studies on Building Collections

This week builds on the theories of representation explored in Week 6 by examining closely three very significant digital library projects. American Memory of the Library of Congress and the Online Archive of California represent large general purpose collections; the Walt Whitman Archive, built under the auspices of the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, is a great example of purpose-built collections oriented toward specific digital humanities scholarship.

Required Readings:

Arms [1999] “Getting the Picture: Observations from the Library of Congress on Providing Online Access to Pictorial Images.”Library Trends [American Memory]

Barney et al. [2005] “Ordering Chaos” Library and Linguistic Computing. doi:10.1093/llc/fqi002 [access through Mirlyn] [Whitman]

Chandler. [2002] "Museums in the Online Archive of California (MOAC): Building Digital Collections Across Libraries and Museums," First Monday http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue7_5/chandler/index.html [OAC]

Cohen. [2006] “Transgenic Deformation: Literary Translation and the Digital Archive.” MLA Convention Presentation. http://www.whitmanarchive.org/about/articles/anc.00165.html [Whitman]

Dalbello. [2004] “Institutional Shaping of Cultural Memory: Digital Library as Environment for Textual Transmission.” Library Quarterly. [American Memory]

Gilliland-Swetland. [1998] "Evaluation Design for Large-Scale, Collaborative Online Archives: Interim Report of the Online Archive of California Evaluation Project." Archives & Museum Informatics [OAC]

Holz. [2006] “Technologically Enhanced Archival Collections: Using the Buddy System.” Journal of Archival Organization 6.

Resources:

California Digital Library. Online Archive of California. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/

California Digital Library. Online Archive of California. Technical Information. http://www.cdlib.org/inside/projects/oac/tech.html

Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities. http://www.iath.virginia.edu/

Library of Congress. American Memory. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html

Library of Congress. American Memory. Technical Information. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/about/techIn.html

Walt Whitman Archive. http://www.whitmanarchive.org/

Walt Whitman Archive. About the Archive. http://www.whitmanarchive.org/about/index.html

 

Week 8 (March 9): Cyberinfrastructure

This session will introduce the concept of “cyberinfrastructure” and explore the concept’s relevance to the technical and policy issues associated with science, social science, and humanities data and users.

Required Readings:

American Council of Learned Societies. [2006] Our Cultural Commonwealth. http://www.acls.org/cyberinfrastructure/cyber.htm

Arms et al. [2006] “A Research Library Based on the Historical Collections of the Internet Archive.” http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february06/arms/02arms.html

Association of Research Libraries. [2006] “Long-term Stewardship of Digital Data Sets in Science and Engineering.” http://www.arl.org/info/frn/other/ottoc.html

Berman and Brady [2005] “Final Report: NSF SBE-CISE Workshop on Cyberinfrastructure and the Social Sciences,” http://vis.sdsc.edu/sbe/

Messerschmitt. [2003] “Opportunities for Research Libraries in the NSF Cyberinfrastructure Program,” http://www.arl.org/resources/pubs/br/br229/

National Science Foundation. [2003] Revolutionizing Science and Engineering Through Cyberinfrastructure. http://www.nsf.gov/od/oci/reports/toc.jsp

NSF Cyberinfrastructure Council. [2006] NSF’s Cyberinfrastructure Vision for 21st Century Discovery. http://www.nsf.gov/od/oci/ci-v7.pdf

Resources:

National Science Foundation. Cyberinfrastructure Office. Reports and Workshops Relating to Cyberinfrastructure and Its Impacts. http://www.nsf.gov/od/oci/reports.jsp

Data Document Initiative. http://www.ddialliance.org/index.html

Economic and Social Data Services. [2005] Guide to Good Practice: Data Management. http://www.esds.ac.uk/support/guides/A4.pdf

Lord and Macdonald. [2003] e-Science Curation Report. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/uploaded_documents/e-ScienceReportFinal.pdf

 

Week 9 (March 16): Scholarly Communication and Digital Library Use

Models of scholarly communication (which vary somewhat by discipline) provide a framework for exploring access and use issues in digital libraries. This and next week’s sessions together will force us to confront the ongoing tensions between the idealization of digital libraries and the barriers presented by the technical, organizational, and policy constraints.

Required Readings:

Borgman. [2003] “Designing Digital Libraries for Usability,” Gutenberg to Global Information Infrastructure, pp. 117-168.

Campbell. [2000] “The Case for Creating a Scholars Portal to the Web.” http://www.arl.org/resources/pubs/br/br211.shtml

Farb. [2006] “Libraries, licensing and the challenge of stewardship.” http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue11_7/farb/index.html

Levy. [1998] “Heroic Measures.” http://www.acm.org/pubs/citations/proceedings/dl/276675/p152-levy/

Rusbridge. [2005] “Information Life Cycle and Curation.” PowerPoint. [CTools]

Waters. [2006] “Managing Digital Assets in Higher Education.” http://www.arl.org/resources/pubs/br/br244.shtml

Resources:

First Monday. [2006] Openness: Code, Science, and Content. Website. http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue11_7/index.html

Association of Research Libraries. New Models for Scholarly Communication. Website. http://www.arl.org/sc/models/index.shtml

Create Change. Website. http://www.createchange.org/

 

Week 10 (March 23): Institutional Repositories and Trust

This session will look closely at emerging models of institutional repositories, their relationship to emerging preservation requirements, including data modeling and trust systems.

Required Readings:

Crow. [2002] "The Case for Institutional Repositories: A SPARC Position Paper." http://www.arl.org/sparc/IR/ir.html.

Green and Gutmann. [2006] “Building Partnerships Among Social Science Researchers, Institution-based Repositories and Domain Specific Data Archives.” [preprint on CToolls]

Lavoie and Dempsey. [2004] “Thirteen Ways of Looking at…Digital Preservation.” http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july04/lavoie/07lavoie.html

Lynch. [2003] "Institutional Repositories: Essential Infrastructure for Scholarship in the Digital Age." http://www.arl.org/resources/pubs/br/br226/br226ir.shtml

Lynch and Lippincott. [2005] “Institutional Repository Deployment in the United States as of Early 2005.” http://www.dlib.org/dlib/september05/lynch/09lynch.html

Markey et al. [2007] Census of Institutional Repositories in the United States: MIRACLE Project Research Findings. CLIR pub 140. See, particularly, Executive Summary and Literature Review. http://www.clir.org/pubs/abstract/pub140abst.html

Rusbridge. [2006] “Excuse Me… Some Digital Preservation Fallacies?” http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/rusbridge/

Wheatley. [2004] Institutional Repositories in the Context of Digital Preservation. http://www.dpconline.org/graphics/reports/index.html

Resources:

TRAC: Trustworthy Repositories Audit & Certification: Criteria and Checklist. http://www.crl.edu/content.asp?l1=13&l2=58&l3=162&l4=91

DRAMBORA: Digital Repository Audit Method Based on Risk Assessment. http://www.repositoryaudit.eu/

NESTOR: Network of Expertise in Digital Long-term Preservation (Germany) http://www.langzeitarchivierung.de/index.php?newlang=eng

NEDCC. [2007] “Digital Preservation Readiness Webliography.” http://www.nedcc.org/resources/leaflets/6Reformatting/08DigitalPreservat...

 

Week 11 (March 30): Case Study of UM Deep Blue and Blue Stream

This session takes a close look at two technologies at the University of Michigan that support the university’s digital repository efforts, including the ingest and processing of digital multi-media resources. The case study explores the extent to which multiple technologies are and are not yet integrated from the perspective of infrastructure and interface.

Required Readings:

Deep Blue http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/

Blue Stream http://sitemaker.umich.edu/bluestream/home

 

Week 12 (April 6): Sustaining Digital Libraries

Sustainability could turn out to be one of the principal challenges of digital libraries (an open question). This final session will explore a variety of incentive mechanisms associated with designing, building, and using digital libraries/archives and their use.

Required Readings:

Keller, Reich, and Herkovic. [2003] “What is a library anymore, anyway?” http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue8_5/keller/index.html

Lynch. [2005] “Where Do We Go from Here? The Next Decade in Digital Libraries.” http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july05/lynch/07lynch.html

Lagoze. [2005] “What Is a Digital Library Anymore, Anyway? Beyond Search and Access in the NSDL.” http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november05/lagoze/11lagoze.html

Lavoie. [2008] “The Fifth Blackbird: Some Thoughts on Economically Sustainable Digital Preservation.” D-Lib Magazine 14. http://www.dlib.org/dlib/march08/lavoie/03lavoie.html

Lavoie. [2003] The Incentives to Preserve Digital Materials: Roles, Scenarios, and Economic Decision-Making. OCLC Office of Research. http://www.oclc.org/research/projects/digipres/incentives-dp.pdf

Rusbridge et al. [2005] “The Digital Curation Centre: A Vision for Digital Curation.” [CTools]

Resources:

Digital Curation Center. http://www.dcc.ac.uk/index

 

Week 13 (April 13): Wrap-up and Research Paper Reports

This and the final session will provide opportunities for synthesis across seminar topics, taking as a point of departure the issues explored in student research papers. Project reports will be grouped conceptually into panels; each project will be allotted roughly five minutes for a succinct presentation on the core concept and key findings of the project.
 

Week 14 (April 20): Research Paper Reports

Completion of project reports.

About The Instructor

Paul Conway

About Paul Conway
Paul Conway is an associate professor in the School of Information. His research interests include the challenges of representing and interpreting audio, visual and textual resources in digital form, extracting knowledge from large-scale image databases, and modeling the use of archives in interdisciplinary scholarship in the humanities. Conway has extensive teaching and administrative experience in the archives and preservation professions. Before joining the Michigan faculty in 2006, he held administrative positions at Duke University, Yale University, the National Archives and Records Administration, and the Society of American Archivists. He began his career as an archivist at the Gerald R. Ford Library on the U-M North Campus. Conway has made major contributions over the past 30 years to the literature on archival users and use, preservation management, and digital imaging technologies. In 2005, Conway received the American Library Association's Paul Banks and Carolyn Harris Preservation Award for his contributions to the preservation field. He currently serves on the Editorial Board of American Archivist and is a Fellow of the Society of American Archivists. more...

  • Ph.D. in information and library studies, University of Michigan
  • MA in history and administration of archives, University of Michigan
  • BA in history, Indiana University
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This Work, SI 640 / SI 740 - Digital Libraries and Archives, by Paul Conway is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.